Zip Dog Pet Tips-Dog Vaccinations
One of the most important responsibilities of owning is to make sure your dog is vaccinated to protect against dangerous and sometimes deadly diseases. The information is based on the American Animal Hospital Association The AAHA classifies vaccines as core vaccines and non-core or lifestyle vaccines. Core vaccines should generally be given to every dog. Lifestyle vaccines, not required but strongly recommended depending on geography, lifestyle, and the current prevalence of the disease. Non-core vaccines may also be necessary for dogs who go to a kennel or other communal canine facilities.
Your vet is best able to assess risk factors and the needs of your dog. By following the protocols for dog vaccinations, you're taking an essential step in keeping your dog healthy and safe."
In most but not all states, laws are requiring rabies vaccination. These laws vary across the United States and Canada by state and by the local jurisdiction. Regardless of the laws in your state, rabies vaccination is considered necessary. Most vets recommend an initial dose for puppies at 16 weeks of age and no earlier than 12 weeks of age. Many states and municipalities require administration for puppies 12-to-16 weeks.
Re-vaccination of a booster is required within one year of the initial dose. However, many states allow discretion in choosing a one-year or three-year initial rabies vaccine. The timing of the booster will depend on the original vaccine's specifications. Also, some jurisdictions recognize only the three-year vaccine. Regulations vary, but your veterinarian will know the appropriate duration for the rabies booster.
Distemper, Parvo, Adenovirus, Para-influenza
Vaccination for these diseases will most likely be administered as a combination. The combination vaccine for parvo and distemper may begin with puppies as young as six weeks of age. Combining all four vaccines is usually started at 10-12 weeks, with boosters to follow every 2-to-4 weeks until at least 16 weeks. If your dog lives in a high-risk environment, your vet may recommend a final dose at 18-to-20 weeks of age. Of course, "high risk" is a subjective assessment but would be applicable in areas where distemper and parvo incidences are prevalent. It will also apply if your puppy has had significant exposure to other dogs or potentially contaminated environments.
Your vet will administer an initial booster one year after the initial vaccination. Subsequent boosters will follow at one-to-three-year intervals, depending on your vet's recommendation.
There are some cases where vaccines need to be reconsidered, such as in dogs with other medical issues like immune-mediated hemolytic anemia or encephalopathy, a brain disorder. In this case, your vet will most likely want to perform a blood test that presently measures the level of antibodies present in your dog.
Noncore, Lifestyle Vaccines for Dogs
These vaccines' requirements depend a lot on your dog's lifestyle: location, how much he travels, the prevalence of the disease locally, and time spent in collaborative environments like dog parks, daycare, and boarding kennels. These vaccines usually are not required, but ask your vet to be sure. Additionally, Dog supplements can also play a significant role in your dog's health.
Bordetella bronchiseptica and canine para-influenza virus:
a vaccine is typically administered as a nasal spray when the puppy is between 8 and 16 weeks. Immunity generally lasts 12-14 months.
This type of bacteria is found in standing water and mud and can cause liver and kidney damage. If your dog is at risk, your vet will recommend an initial vaccination and annual revaccination.
Borrelia burgdorferi ( Lyme disease Dogs living in or traveling into Lyme-disease-endemic areas) is at increased risk of exposure and infection. The ticks that carry Lyme disease are most likely to be found in tall grasses, thick brush, marshes, and woods. If a vaccine is indicated for travel, two doses should be administered, 2-to-4 weeks apart, so that the last amount is approximately 2-to-4 weeks before travel.
This vaccine should only be administered to dogs with a defined risk for exposure to this virus, such as those frequenting grooming facilities, daycare, dog parks, competitive events, and places where exposure to other dogs is common. The first dose of the vaccine may be administered to dogs 6-to-8 weeks old, and a second dose follows, 2-to-4 weeks later. If there's a continued risk of exposure, a booster should follow within one year.
Like the previous influenza vaccine, this should only be given if there's potential exposure to the virus. The initial vaccine can be given to dogs younger than 16 weeks old and as young as 6-to-8 weeks. It's administered in two doses, 2-to-4 weeks apart. If there's sustained risk, revaccination is administered within one year. The AAHA recommends that any dog considered at risk should be vaccinated against both strains of the virus.
This should only be administered to dogs that are at clear risk of exposure to the venom of this type of rattlesnake. The dose and frequency depend on the dog's body weight and exposure risk.
Dog vaccinations cost
Average costs for new puppy vaccinations
Core vaccines for puppies
(Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Adenovirus, Parvovirus, and Parainfluenza) $75-$100